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Beekeeping: Artificial Nutrition

Beekeeping: Artificial Nutrition

As winter approaches, one of the beekeeper's precautions is to check the supplies and sometimes it is necessary to intervene with an emergency power supply, but there are other occasions:

  • bad weather conditions that prevent bees from foraging,
  • adverse climatic season leading to a lack of nectar,
  • formation of new nuclei that need food for the formation of new honeycombs and the breeding of brood,
  • breeding of queens,
  • colonies used in the pollination service of non-nectariferous species (e.g. kiwis),
  • stimulation to increase adult bees in a short time,
  • transport of packages of bees,
  • recovery of the colony due to loss of foragers due to poisoning.

Artificial nutrition can be based on: honey, candied fruit, syrup.

Nutrition with honey

No longer widespread practice that even has disadvantages such as the tendency to pillage, given the intense smell of this substance and the possibility of transmitting diseases.
In addition, old honey has high levels of hydroxymethylfurfural, a potentially toxic substance for bees.

Nutrition with syrup

It is a mixture of sucrose and water or syrup made from corn starch or other cereals is used.
Syrups obtained from acid hydrolysis of sugars are to be avoided because they involve high levels of HMF.

Nutrition with candy


The bag of the candy can be drilled and placed directly on the feeding hole of the cover (photo website)

The candied fruit is prepared by mixing icing sugar and honey heated to 40-50 ° C in a 3: 1 ratio, the dough must be compact without gluing.
It can also be used in the coldest periods of the year and is easy to store and easy to handle. Artificial feeding represents a powerful tool for conditioning the life of the hive and therefore must be used with extreme caution.


Video: Bee Culture Education: Honeybee Nutrition - Randy Oliver - Part 1 (January 2022).