Forest cultivation: Ciavardello

Forest cultivation: Ciavardello

Classification, origin and diffusion

Division: Spermatophyta
Subdivision: Angiospermae
Class: Dicotyledones
Family: Rosaceae

Species native to the temperate areas of Europe, western Asia and North Africa, from sea level to the mountain range (800 m), and forms mixed heliophilous broad-leaved forests. In Italy it is common throughout the Apennines and at the foot of the Alps.

Ciavardello inflorescences - Sorbus torminalis L. (photo Bernd Liebermann)

Ciavardello fruits - Sorbus torminalis L. (photo K. Metodiev

General characteristics

Size and bearing
Tree up to 15 meters high, with dense, flattened and globular crown.
Trunk and bark
The trunk is straight, sometimes polyconic, with grayish rind, at first smooth with lenticels, then wrinkled and irregularly cracked.
The leaves are deciduous, ovate, alternate, with narrow and regular lobes.
Reproductive structures
The white flowers are hermaphrodite and gathered in a broad and erect branching corymb. hairy calyx with deciduous triangular lacinias. The fruit is a 1-1.5 cm ovoid pommel, with a rusty brown core when ripe, with a very astringent flavor.


The ciavardello wood is hard, fine-grained and compact; it is highly appreciated in cabinet-making and violin making for its acoustic properties. It is used in herbal medicine for stomach and intestinal colic and for dysentery.

Video: The 10 Largest Forests on Earth (January 2022).